Bài tập ôn luyện môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 9 - Unit 4: Life in the past

Bài tập ôn luyện môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 9 - Unit 4: Life in the past

BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG CƠ BẢN

Bài 1: Hoàn thành các câu sau với cấu trúc “used to” và động từ trong ngoặc.

1. Do you know what (Jim/do) _____________ before he retired?

2. _____________ (Mary/be) a successful business woman before she went bankrupt?

3. My family (not/travel) _____________ during summer vacation but now we really enjoy it.

4. I wonder what (people/do) ___________ to celebrate the Harvest Festival in the past?

5. As a kid, Josh (have) _________ his grandfather pick him up from primary school.

6. This boy band (be) ____________ popular before they disbanded.

7. When my grandmother was young, she (set off) ___________ for a foreign country almost every summer.

8. My mother says that she (not scope) ______________ with much work stress five years ago.

9. In the past, people in my village (raise) ___________ poultry or castle to earn a living.

10. I can’t believe my father (be) considered a bad boy before he married my mother.

11. Who _________ (you/confide) in when you was at your teenage?

12. They (not use) __________ folk and knife when they first moved to America.

13. Jim (not like) _________ me much when we were at school but now he is my husband.

14. My father (work) _________ very far from home before he found his current job.

15. Those men (suffer) __________ a lot before they finally succeeded in their business.

 

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UNIT
04
LIFE IN THE PAST
(CUỘC SỐNG THỜI XƯA)
VOCABULARY
A
New words
Meaning
Picture
Example
breadwinner
/'bredwinə[r]/
(n)
trụ cột về kinh tế
My father is the breadwinner of our family.
Bố tôi là trụ cột kinh tế của gia đình tôi
die out
/dai aʊt/
biến mất
This animal species died out due to overhunting.
Loài động vật này đã biến mất do săn bắn quá nhiều.
domed
/dəʊmd/
(adj)
hình vòm
This temple has a domed ceiling.
Ngôi đền này có mái vòm.
downtown
/,daʊn'taʊn/
(n)
trung tâm thành phố
I want to move to the downtown area.
Tôi muốn chuyển tới vùng trung tâm thành phố.
dye
 /dai/
nhuộm
Mary dyed her hair blonde.
Mary đã nhuộm tóc vàng
Face – to – face
/feis tə feis/
(adj) 
Mặt đối mặt, trực diện
We rarely have a face – to – face conversation.
Chúng tôi hiếm khi có một cuộc trò chuyện trực diện.
Illiterate
/i'litərət/
(adj)
Không biết chữ
There are very few illiterate people in my village.
Có rất ít người không biết chữ ở làng tôi.
Pull out
/pʊl aʊt/
Rời đi
The train pulls out at 5am tomorrow.
Chuyến tàu sẽ rời đi lúc 5 giờ sáng mai.
Remote
/ri'məʊt/
(adj)
Xa xôi hẻo lánh
Have you ever been to a remote area in Viet Nam?
Bạn đã bao giờ đi đến một vùng hẻo lánh ở Việt Nam chưa?
Seniority
/,si:ni'ɒrəti/
(n)
Cấp cao, có thâm niên trong nghề
Jane has seniority over her co-workers.
Jane có thâm niên trong nghề hơn những đồng nghiệp của cô ấy.
Vendor
/'vendɔ:/
(n)
Người bán rong
There used to be many vendors in the streets in Vietnam.
 Đã từng có rất nhiều người bán hàng rong trên đường ở Việt Nam.
B
	GRAMMAR
I, ÔN TẬP THÓI QUEN TRONG QUÁ KHỨ VỚI “USED TO”
Cách sử dụng
“Used to” được dung để miêu tả những thói quen, hành động hoặc trạng thái đã xảy ra thường xuyên trong quá khứ và đã kết thúc, không còn ở hiện tại.
Cấu trúc
(+) S + used to + V 
(-) S + didn’t used to + V 
(?) Did + S + use to + V 
Ví dụ
- I used to listen to the radio. ( Ngày trước tôi thường nghe đài.)
- They used to go swimming together. (Ngày trước họ thường đi bơi cùng nhau.)
- He didn’t use to play marbles. (Ngày trước anh ấy không chơi bi.)
- Did you used to ride a buffalo? (Ngày trước bạn có đi cưỡi trâu không?)
BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG CƠ BẢN
Bài 1: Hoàn thành các câu sau với cấu trúc “used to” và động từ trong ngoặc.
1. Do you know what (Jim/do) _____________ before he retired?
2. _____________ (Mary/be) a successful business woman before she went bankrupt?
3. My family (not/travel) _____________ during summer vacation but now we really enjoy it.
4. I wonder what (people/do) ___________ to celebrate the Harvest Festival in the past?
5. As a kid, Josh (have) _________ his grandfather pick him up from primary school.
6. This boy band (be) ____________ popular before they disbanded.
7. When my grandmother was young, she (set off) ___________ for a foreign country almost every summer.
8. My mother says that she (not scope) ______________ with much work stress five years ago.
9. In the past, people in my village (raise) ___________ poultry or castle to earn a living.
10. I can’t believe my father (be) considered a bad boy before he married my mother.
11. Who _________ (you/confide) in when you was at your teenage?
12. They (not use) __________ folk and knife when they first moved to America.
13. Jim (not like) _________ me much when we were at school but now he is my husband.
14. My father (work) _________ very far from home before he found his current job.
15. Those men (suffer) __________ a lot before they finally succeeded in their business.
Bài 2: Dựa vào những thông tin cho sẵn để viết các câu miêu tả những sự việc trong quá khứ mà bây giờ không còn làm nữa.
0. I saw many buffaloes in my hometown but I can’t see many of them now.
-> I used to see many buffaloes in my hometown.
1. This was only a small company with several years of low profit but now it has changed a lot.
-> ___________________________________________________________
2. Men were the breadwinner of the family and women depended greatly on men.
-> ___________________________________________________________
3. My sister admitted that she lied sometimes in the past but now she didn’t.
-> ___________________________________________________________
4. Jim asked me what I preferred to do as a child that I no longer did now.
-> ___________________________________________________________
5. Who took care of you when you were a toddler?
-> ___________________________________________________________
6. Jim wasn’t interested in reading books when he was small but now he’s really into it.
-> ___________________________________________________________
7. I got all the attention from my parents before my little brother was born.
-> ___________________________________________________________
8. Bungalows were very popular 6 years ago.
-> ___________________________________________________________
Bài 3: Hoàn thành các câu sau với cấu trúc “used to” và các động từ cho sẵn.
Look
Eat
Own
Earn
Work
Be
Play
Live
1. My whole family _________ on my father’s salary but now both of my parents work to support our family.
2. My brother __________ after me when my parents were at work.
3. In the past, women ____________ expected to stay home, do household chores and farming instead of getting higher education.
4. Those farmers _____________ hard but ___________ little money before they were instructed to apply technologies in their farming.
5. We (not) _____________ out when but now we often do because we are sometime too busy to prepare a meal.
6. Women (not) _________ an important role in the political field in the past 50 years.
7. My uncle ___________ a sheep farm before he sold it to move to the city.
II, CÂU ĐIỀU ƯỚC CHO HIỆN TẠI (WISHES FOR THE PRESENT)
Trường hợp 1
Trường hợp 2
Cách Dùng
Diễn tả một sự không hài long, không thỏa mãn với một hoàn cảnh ở hiện tại, và ao ước hoàn cảnh đó xảy ra theo chiều hướng khác đi ở hiện tại và tương lai
Diễn tả điều ước cho một sự việc ta mong muốn nó xảy ran gay tại thời điểm nói.
Cấu trúc
I wish + S + V-ed ( Qúa khứ đơn)
Hoặc I wish + could + V
I wish + S + was/were + V-ing ( quá khứ tiếp diễn)
Ví dụ
- I wish I knew more about European history. (=but I don’t know much about European history.)
- I wish I could drive really fast. (= but I can’t drive fast.)
(Dùng “wish + could + V”để nói về việc người nói ao ước có khả năng làm gì nhưng thực tế họ không có khả năng thực hiện.
- My son wishes he were studying Marketing instead of Hospitality.
Chú ý
Có thể sử dụng were đối với tất cả các ngôi trong mệnh đề wish.
BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG CƠ BẢN
Bài 4: Chia động từ trong ngoặc sao cho thích hợp
1. Jane wish she (can/go) ___________ travelling at least once a year.
2. Jim wishes he (earn) ___________ more money so that he would live more comfortable.
3. My mother wishes she (not have) ___________ to work for extra hours.
4. The little boy wishes it (not rain) ___________ at the moment.
5. I wish I (be) ___________ healthier so that I could play some extreme sports.
6. Tim is sad because he has lost his bike. He wishes his mother (buy) ___________ him a new one.
7. I wish someone (offer) ___________ me an opportunity to study abroad.
8. Jim is bored as he is doing his homework now. He wish he (do) ___________ his homework.
9. My father is an officer but he wishes he (be) ___________ a famous singer.
10. My mother never let me go to school on my own. I wish she (let) ___________ me go alone.
Bài 5: Dựa vào những từ cho sẵn, viết câu hoàn chỉnh.
1. Old/ man/ wish/ his/ grandchild/ visit/ him/ more/ often.
____________________________________________________________
2. I/ wish/ you/ can/ spend/ more/ time/ on/ study.
____________________________________________________________
3. They/ wish/ their/ team/ be/champion.
____________________________________________________________
4. I/ wish/ I/ have/ more/ friend/ and/ I/ not/ be/ lonely.
____________________________________________________________
5. Mary/ wish/ her/ parents/ not/ have/ go/ on/ business/ trips/ so/ often.
____________________________________________________________
6. Many/ people/ wish/ they/ be/ wealthy/ but/ I/ do/ not.
____________________________________________________________
7. I/ wish/ my/ mother/ be/ less/ busy/ so that/ she/ have/ more/ time/ for/ me.
____________________________________________________________
8. Jim/ wish/ his/ parents/ not/ expect/ too/ much/ from/ him.
____________________________________________________________
Bài 6: Dựa vào câu cho trước, viết câu thể hiện điều ước với “wish”
0. I don’t have a computer now.
-> I wish I had a computer now.
1. Jim’s friend lives very far from him.
-> Jim wishes ____________________________________________________
2. My friend cannot afford her favorite camera.
-> My friend wishes _______________________________________________
3. The teacher make us do a lot of homework.
-> We __________________________________________________________
4. I can’t sing as beautifully as my sister.
-> I ___________________________________________________________
5. My father is depressed that his favorite football team loses the ticket to the final.
-> My father _____________________________________________________
6. I don’t have my own house at the present.
-> I ____________________________________________________________
7. Mr. Brown is sad that there is no way he can get promotion this year.
-> Mr. Brown ____________________________________________________
8. Peter is annoyed because there is too much noise from his neighnor.
-> Peter _________________________________________________________
Bài 7: Đánh dấu [ V] trước câu đúng, đánh dấu [ X] trước câu sai và sửa lại cho đúng.
________	1. Peter and Jane wishes they could see each other more often.
	____________________________________________________________
________	2. I wish Jim were able to deal with all the problems on his own.
	____________________________________________________________
________	3. Mrs. Brown wishes her husband were home more often and talks to her more.
	__________________________________________________________________
________	4. They wish their work was less stressful and they have more time to relax.
	__________________________________________________________________
________	5. James wishes he had more money so that he could buy what he wants.
	__________________________________________________________________
________	6. I wish I wasn’t having to travel a long distance to work every day.
	__________________________________________________________________
________	7. They wish they will able to visit her foreign friend.
	__________________________________________________________________
________	8. I only wish they provided a larger playground for the kids.
	__________________________________________________________________
BÀI TẬP TỔNG HỢP NÂNG CAO
Bài 8: Sắp xếp những từ đã cho thành câu hoàn chỉnh.
1. you/ make/ Did/ any/ mistake/ use/ terrible/ to?
__________________________________________________________________
2. she/ run/ Mary/ could/ a/ into/ figure/ wishes/ famous.
__________________________________________________________________
3. I/ that/ used/ she/ believe/ doesn’t/ to/ a/ be/ lawyer.
__________________________________________________________________
4. I/ would/ never/ wish/ wealthy/ a/ person/ I/ be.
__________________________________________________________________
5. wish/ a/ My/ list/ sister/ and/ it/ to/ send/ Santa Claus/ used/ make/ to.
__________________________________________________________________
6. you/ what/ Do/ Jim/ company/ to/ for/ used/ work/ know?
__________________________________________________________________
7. English/ my/ that/ teacher/ simple/ wish/ used/ language/ us/ understand/ to/ for/ I.
__________________________________________________________________
8. they/ They/ could/ wish/ their/ by/ speaking/ with/ talking/ foreigners/ improve/ skill.
__________________________________________________________________
Bài 9: Viết lại câu với những từ cho sẵn.
1. When I was a child, I liked watching cartoons but now I no longer like them.
-> When I was a child, I used _______________________________________________________
2. My brother is very lazy. I can’t stand him anymore.
-> I wish my _________________________________________________________
3. I want to be a university students but I can’t.
-> I wish _______________________________________________________ 
4. When Jim was six, he dreamt of becoming a superhero but now he gives up on that dream.
-> When Jim was six, he used _______________________________________________________
5. Mr. Brown never allows her daughter to go to the party although she always want to.
-> Mr. Brown’s daughter wishes _______________________________________________________
6. My friend always regrets that he doesn’t live in the same neighborhood as me.
-> My friend wishes _______________________________________________________
7. “What did you use to do in your free time as a child?” Mary asked me.
-> Mary asked me what _______________________________________________________
8. I am frustrated because I am cleaning the mess Jim has made.
-> I wish I _______________________________________________________.
BÀI 10: Hoàn thành các câu sau với dạng đúng của động từ cho sẵn.
Dye
Be
Be
Given
Ride
Have
Purchase
Play
Become
fly
1. We used to ________________ things from street vendors when we were small.
2. In the past, Vietnamese women used to ________________their teeth black.
3. I wish there ________________ so many natural disasters so that people would not suffer from their consequences.
4. No one in my class used to ________________ a buffalo like I did.
5. They didn’t use to ________________ kites when they lived in the countryside.
6. Extended families used to ________________ very popular in Vietnam years ago.
7. Jane wishes someone ________________ her a chance to do it over again.
8. I wish I could ________________ a well - known artist.
9. Did your mother use to ________________ the role of both mother and father when your father was away from home?
10. Tom wishes he (not) ________________ to learn at the moment.
Bài 11: Khoanh tròn đáp án đúng.
I have always wondered how life was twenty years ago. I (1) __________ that life in the past was boring and inconvenient (2) ___________ the lack of modern facilities. However I changed my opinion after I heard my grandfather talk about his childhood. In the past, although modern and convenient gadgets were not available, everyone really enjoyed the simple and peaceful life. In the family, the father used to be the (3) ___________ while the mother used to just stay home and take care of the house. The saying” Men make house, women make home” used to be very popular that day. The children (4) ___________ play video games or go on extra classes after school as we (5) ___________ today. (6) ___________, they could enjoy a variety of outdoor activities with other such as kite flying, rope skipping, so on. In the past, many unique customs of Vietnamese people were seen more vividly than today. (7) ___________, Vietnamese women used to (8) ___________ their teeth black and people used to chew betel nut. It is such a pity that I rarely see those customs today.
1. 	A. consumed 	B. presumed 	C. resumed 	D. résumé
2. 	A. because 	B. despite 	C. due to 	D. as
3.	A. breadwinner	B. pillar 	C. strongest 	D. most important
4. 	A. didn’t used to 	B. didn’t use to	C. used to 	D. use to
5. 	A. do	 	B. did 	C. used to do	D. didn’t used to do
6. 	A. Besides 	B. While 	C. However 	D. Instead
7. 	A. Likewise 	B. For example	C. Therefore 	D. Although
8. 	A. color 	B. dye 	C. make 	D. paint
Bài 12: Đọc đoạn văn sau, điền T (True) trước câu có chứa thông tin đúng với nội dung bài đọc. Điền F (False) trước câu có chứa thông tin không đúng với nội dung bài đọc. Điền NG (Not Given) trước câu có nội dung không đúng với nội dung bài đọc.
Vietnam’s educational system in the past
Have you ever wondered how teachers, students and classrooms look like years ago? In the past, Vietnam educational system was under the influence of by many foreign culture, of which the Chinese had most significant effects.
The earliest students in Vietnam received most of their education from the Buddhist clergy. Under the 1000-year invasion and domination of the Chinese, Vietnam’s education was greatly affected by China’s educational system. This influence is depicted in the early examinations held to recruit high mandarin officials. The first examination of this type was held in 1075. During the latter part of the 11th century, a National College was established for the education of sons or royalty and other high-ranking officials, which marked the beginning of Confucian education in Vietnam. In 1252, the college was opened to students from various backgrounds besides royal or official ones.
At the beginning of the 15th century, many Confucian-type schools were in operation in leading centers. Those days, education became the most cherished ideals. Only those who passed the qualification examination for Mandarins had any hope of achieving state-owned jobs or other honors. The scholar was looked up to and highly revered.
________ 1. Vietnam’s educational system was only affected by Chinese.
________ 2. The earliest students in Vietnam received their education from the Chinese Buddhist clergy.
________ 3. The early examinations were held to recruit high mandarin officials.
________ 4. During the latter part of the 11th century, the National College was opened to every students.
________ 5. At the beginning of the 15th century, many Confucian-type schools were in operation only in leading centers.
________ 6. Those days, education was highly appreciated.
________ 7. The scholar was highly respected to and idolized.

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