Đề luyện thi môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 9 - Phần câu tường thuật

Đề luyện thi môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 9 - Phần câu tường thuật

1. Nam said “I am told to be at school before 7 o’clock”

 .

2. Thu said “All the students will have a meeting next week”

 .

3. Phong said “My parents are very proud of my good marks”

 .

4. The teacher said “All the homework must be done carefully”

5. Her father said to her “You can go to the movie with your friend”

 .

6. Hoa said “I may visit my parents in the summer”

 .

7. The teacher said “We can collect old book for the poor students”

8. She said “She doesn’t buy this book”

 .

9. The boys said “We have to try our best to win the match”

10. Her classmate said “Lan is the most intelligent girl in our class”

EXERCISES (REPORTED SPEECH: YES/NO QUESTIONS)

1. “Do you enjoy reading?” Phong asked Peter

 . .

2. “Does she like sports?” Hoa asked Lan

 . .

3. “Do your sister and brother go to the same school?” She asked Nam

 .

4. “Are there some oranges in the fridge?” She asked her mom

 .

5. “Will it rain tomorrow morning?” He asked his friend

 .

6. “Did you go to Hue three years ago?” Tam asked Peter

 .

7. “Are Tam and Hoa late for class?” Tuan asked Lan

8. She said to me “Can you speak Chinese?”

 .

9. “Will she be here for five days?” Tam asked Thu

 .

10. “Were you reading this book at 8 o’clock last Sunday?” She asked Ba

 .

 

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Name: 
	REPORTED SPEECH
EXERCISES (REPORTED SPEECH: STATEMENTS)
1. Nam said “I am told to be at school before 7 o’clock”
 ... 
2. Thu said “All the students will have a meeting next week”
 . 
3. Phong said “My parents are very proud of my good marks”
 .. 
4. The teacher said “All the homework must be done carefully”
5. Her father said to her “You can go to the movie with your friend”
 .. 
6. Hoa said “I may visit my parents in the summer”
 .. 
7. The teacher said “We can collect old book for the poor students”
8. She said “She doesn’t buy this book”
 . 
9. The boys said “We have to try our best to win the match”
10. Her classmate said “Lan is the most intelligent girl in our class”
EXERCISES (REPORTED SPEECH: YES/NO QUESTIONS)
1. “Do you enjoy reading?” Phong asked Peter
 . .
2. “Does she like sports?” Hoa asked Lan
 .. .
3. “Do your sister and brother go to the same school?” She asked Nam
 .
4. “Are there some oranges in the fridge?” She asked her mom
 . 
5. “Will it rain tomorrow morning?” He asked his friend
 .. 
6. “Did you go to Hue three years ago?” Tam asked Peter
 .. 
7. “Are Tam and Hoa late for class?” Tuan asked Lan
8. She said to me “Can you speak Chinese?”
 .. 
9. “Will she be here for five days?” Tam asked Thu
 .. 
10. “Were you reading this book at 8 o’clock last Sunday?” She asked Ba
 . 
EXERCISES (REPORTED SPEECH: WH-QUESTIONS)
1. “Where does your father work?” The teacher asked me
 .. 
2. “How many people are there in your family?” She asked Lan
 .. 
3. Tam’s friend asked him “How long will you stay in England?”
 . 
4. “Are there some oranges in the fridge?” She asked her mom
5. The teacher said to Lien “What‘s your hobby?”
 .. 
6. “How do you go to the airport?” His friend asked him
 . 
7. “How much does this dress cost?” Lan asked Lien
8. Ba asked Tam “How often do you wash your clothes?”
 . 
9. “When will your father leave Vietnam for the USA?” Phong asked Thu
 . 
10. “How many books do the students need?” The librarian asked my teacher
 .. 
8 special case 1:
1. Indirect speech with Let’s/ Let him/ Let her/ Let them:
 + Let’s/ Let him/ let her/ Let them do something 
 Ä . suggest that somebody should do something 
 Eg: “Let’s eat out tonight” she said. ® She suggested that they should eat out that night.
 “Let him prepare all the lesson.” She said ® She suggested that he should prepare all the lesson.
 + Let’s/let him/ let her 
 Ä suggest + V-ing (dùng cho let’s)
 Ä suggest + somebody’s + V-ing ( dùng cho let him/ let her/ let them)
 Eg: “Let’s go camping next weekend” he said ®He suggested going camping the following weekend.
 “Let them do their exercises this morning” she said ® She suggested them doing exercises that morning.
2. + “Yes, let’s” ® agree
 Eg” “Let’s go to the theatre tonight? He said
 “Yes, let’s’ said one of his friends.
® He suggested going to the theatre that night and one of his friends agreed.
+ “No, Let’s not” ® object to the idea/ be against the idea
Eg’ “No, let’s not. It is hot” said another friend
® but another friend objected to that idea/ was against it because it was hot.
3. Let = allow
 Eg: “Let him go with me, mother” she said ® She asked her mother to let him go with her
 “Let her do it herself, teacher” he said to his teacher. ® He asked his teacher to let her do it herself. 
PRACTICE: Change the following sentences into reported speech:
1. “Let’s give a party” said Ann
 “Let’s not” said her husband
2. “Let’s take a tent and camp out” said Bill
 “ Good idea” said Nina
3. “Let the children stay indoor tonight.” She said
4. “Let me go” he said to the policeman.
5. “Let’s go swimming in the lake” he said
 “No, it is against law” said his friend.
6. “Let’s prepare everything for the party” she said.
 “Yes, let’s” said her friend.
7. “Let’s stay here till the storm has passed” he said
8. “Don’t drive too close the car in front” said my mother 
9. “Let’s go swimming. It is too hot to learn our lesson now.” He said
10. “You ought to wear a safety helmet when you drive motorbike” she said to her husband.
8 special case 2:
. Câu cảm thán trong lời nói gián tiếp: (Exclamationin reported speech)
- Động từ tường thuật là: exclaim/shout 
 Eg: He said, “ What a lovely garden they have”
 He exclaimed that they had a lovely garden.
- Các hình thức cảm thán bắt đầu bằng “what’ và “how” chuyển sang gián tiếp bằng:
 He said that it was / hoặc He exclaimed that it was 
Eg1: She said; “What a pity!” (Direct speech) -> She exclaimed that it was a pity
Eg2: I said; “What a nice horse” -> I exclaimed that it was a nice horse
Eg3: He said; “How beautiful she is!”-> He exclaimed that she was beautiful! 
Eg4: “What a big egg” he said -> He said that it was a big egg.
Eg5: “ How dreadful!” he said -> He exclaimed that it was dreadful.
Change into reported speech:
1. She said; “How beautiful they are” .
2. I said; “How fast he is running!” 
3. He said; “What a lovely house!” .
 4. She said; “What beautiful flowers!” ..
8 special case 3:
1. Đề nghị, lời mời:
 S + invite + (O) + to V 
 S + offer + to V 
Ex: He said, “Would you like to go out for a drink?”
---> He invited me to go out for a drink.
 She said to me; “How about some coffee”
-> She invited me some coffee 
 “I will look after the house for you if you like” he said.
-> He offered to look after the house for me if I liked.
Would you/ Could you / Will you/ Can you -> asked+ sb + to + V
Would you mind + V-ing /Do you mind + V-ing -> asked + sb + to +V
Would you like/ Will you -> invited + sb + to + V
2. Khuyên bảo:
Ex: “You should study harder,” my mother said.
---> My mother advised me to study harder.
 - You should / You ought to V...........
 - If I were you , I would/ should 
 - You had better 
 - Why don’t you .
Eg’ Why don’t you repaint our room? ®She advised me to repaint their room.
3. Lời nhắc nhở
“Remember ”	khi chuyển sang lời nói gián tiếp ta áp dụng cấu trúc sau
Don’t for get
S + remind(ed) + someboby + to Infinitive verb
Ex: She said to me; “Don’t forget to ring me up tomorrow evening”
-> She reminded me to ring her up the bext eveining 
 4. Sự đồng ý về quan điểm như: all right, yes, of course (áp dụng cấu trúc sau): 
 S + agreed + to verb 
Ex: “All right, I’ll wait for you” he said
 -> He agreed to wait for me
 5. Từ chối : S + refused + to V 
Eg: ‘No, I won’t lend you my car”
-> He refused to lend me his car.
 6. Lời hứa: S + promised to V 
Eg: ‘I’ll send you a card on your birthday” 
-> He promised to send me a card on my birthday.
7. Reported speech with gerund: (câu gián tiếp với danh động từ) 
 - Khi lời nói gián tiếp là lời đề nghị, chúc mừng, cảm ơn, xin lỗi .động từ tường thuật cùng với danh động từ theo sau nó thường dùng để truyền tải nội dung lời nói trên.
Động từ tường thuật + V-ing.......
 * Động từ tường thuật:deny, admit, suggest, regret...........
Ex: He said to me; “Let’s go home”
-> He suggested going home 
 Động từ tường thuật + giới từ + Ving 
* Động từ tường thuật: : dream of, object to, insist on, complain about, think of, look forward to......... 
Ex: “I’ll help you with your physics exercise,” Peter said to Susan.
---> Peter insisted on helping Susan with her physics exercise.
Động từ tường thuật + giới từ + tân ngữ + Ving 
 * Động từ tường thuật: thank sb for, accuse sb of, congratulate sb on, apologize sb for, warn sb against, prevent sb from, stop sb from 
 Ex1: “It was nice of you to help me. Thank you very much,” Tom said to you.
---> Tom thanked me for helping him.
Ex2: “I’m sorry I’m late,” Peter said.
---> Peter apologised for being late.
Cảm ơn, xin lỗi:
 S + thanked + s.o + for + v-ing
 S + apologized for + (not) + v-ing
 S + apologized + to + s.o + for + (not) + v-ing
Ex1: “It was nice of you to help me. Thank you very much,” Tom said to you.
---> Tom thanked me for helping him.
Ex2: “I’m sorry I’m late,” Peter said.
---> Peter apologised for being late.
b. Chúc mừng:
S + congratulated + s.o + on + v-ing
Ex: John said, “I heard you received the scholarship. Congratulations!”
---> John congratulated me on receiving the scholarship.
“I hear you passed your exams. Congratulations!” John said to us. 
 -> Tom congratulated us on passing our exams 
c. Cương quyết, khăng khăng:
S + insisted + on + v-ing 
Ex: “I’ll help you with your physics exercise,” Peter said to Susan.
---> Peter insisted on helping Susan with her physics exercise.
 “I’ll drive you to the station. I insist,” Peter said to Linda
-> Peter insisted on driving Linda to the station 
d. Cảnh báo, ngăn cản: 
Lời cảnh báo như : be careful, be dangerous
 a. S + warned + s.o + to verb 
 b. S + warned + s.o + against + v-ing 
ex1: “Be careful of strangers and don’t go out at night”; he said 
-> He warned us to be careful strangers and not to out at night 
Ex2: “Don’t stay at the near the airport,” I said to Ann
-> I warned Ann against staying at the hotel near the airport
 Ex3: “Don’t go out alone at night,” I said to Linda.
 ---> I warned Linda agaisnt going out alone at night.
Ngăn cản: S + prevented, stopped + s.o + from + v-ing 
Ex1: “Stay here! I can’t let you go out tonight,” her mother said to Jane
-> Her mother prevented Jane from going out that night 
Ex2: “Sit here. I can’t let you stand all the time,” Mary said to me.
---> Mary prevented me from standing all the time.
e. Chấp nhận hoặc phủ nhận:
Ex1: “We stole his money,” they said.
---> They admitted stealing his money.
Ex2: “I didn’t steal his money,” she said.
---> She denied stealing his money.
8. Indirect speech with some expressions:
 + “Thanks” he said
 ® He thanked me
 + “Good luck” he said ® He wished me good luck
 “Happy Christmas” he said ® he wished me happy Christmas
 + “Congratulation” she said ® He congratulated me
 + The notice said ‘Welcome to Bac giang”
 ®The notice welcomed visitors to Bac giang
 + “No/ Yes” ® Subject + Auxiliary verb
 Eg: “Did you have a good time” he said; “yes’ I said
 ® He asked me if I had had a good time and I said I had
 “Have you done your work” he said “ No’ I said
 ® He asked me if I had done my work and I said I hadn’t
 + Good morning/ evening/ hello ® Subject + greet 
9. Một số trường hợp không đổi thì của động từ trong câu gián tiếp:
- Nếu động từ ở mệnh đề giới thiệu được dùng ở thì hiện tại đơn, hiện tại tiếp diễn, hiện tại hoàn thành hoặc tương lai đơn, thì của động từ trong câu gián tiếp vẫn không thay đổi
 Eg: He says/ he is saying/ he has said/ he will say, “the text is difficult”.
 ® He says/ is saying/ has said/ will say (that) the text is difficult.
- Khi câu nói trực tiếp thể hiện một chân lý hoặc một hành động lặp lại thường xuyên, thì của động từ trong câu gián tiếp vẫn không thay đổi
 Eg: My teacher said “The sun rises in the East”
 ® My teacher said (that) the sun rises in the East.
 He said, ‘My father always drinks coffee after dinner’
 ® He said (that) his father always drinks coffee after dinner
- Nếu lúc tường thuật, điểm thời gian được đưa ra trong lời nói gián tiếp vẫn chưa qua, thì của động từ và trạng từ thời gian vẫn được giữ nguyên
 Eg: He said, “ I will come to your house tomorrow”
® He said (that) he will come to my house tomorrow.
- Câu trực tiếp có dạng câu điều kiện loại 2 hoặc loại 3:
Eg: He said; “If I knew her address, I would write to her”
® He said that he would write to her If he knew her address 
 Eg: She said, “If I had enough money, I would buy a new bicycle.”
® She said (that) if she had enough money, she would buy a new bicycle.
 Eg: The teacher said, “If John had studied harder, he wouldn’t have failed his exam.”
® The teacher said (that) if John had studied harder, he wouldn’t have failed his exam.
 Tuy nhiên nếu lời nói trực tiếp là câu điều hiện loại 1 thì được chuyển sang loại 2 ở lời nói gián tiếp
 Eg: The advertisement said; “If you answer the questions correctly, you may win one million dollar” ® The advertisement said that I might win one million dollar If I answered the questions correctly. 
- Không thay đổi thì của mệnh đề sau “wish’
 Eg: He said; “I wish I had a lot of money”
 ® He wishes (that) he had a lot of money 
- Không thay đổi thì của mệnh đề sau “It’s (high/ about) time”
 Eg: She said; “It’s about time you went to bed; children”
 ® She told her children that It’s about time they went to bed 
- Không thay đổi thì của mệnh đề đi sau ‘would rather”
 Eg: She said; “I would rather you stayed at home”
 ® She said that she would rather I stayed at home
- Không thay đổi thì của:
 Could, would, might, should 
Ought, had better, need 	trong câu nói gián tiếp 
Nhưng must -> had to/ must	
Eg: She said; “I could do the homework 
® She said the she could do the homework 
- Động từ trong câu nói trực tiếp có thời gian xác định:
 Eg: He said, “I was born in 1980”
 ® he said that he was born in 1980.
- Mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ thời gian trong câu phức có thì quá khứ đơn và quá khứ tiếp diễn
Eg: “I saw him when he was going to the cinema”
 She said she saw him when she was going to the cinema
* Practice 1:
10. She said; “The earth moves around the sun”
11. Tom said; “I would rather you started today”
12. She said; “Could I have a cup of coffee”
13. “Would you mind waiting?” he said 
14. “Would you like to drink coffee?” he said 
15. Lan said; “You had better go to the doctor?”
17. They said; “We will wait for if you are late”
18. Peter said; “I wish I had something to eat”
19. My mother said; “If I were you, I should do nothing about it”
20. The coach said to them; “It’s high time we began training for our next match”
 21. I said to her; “I wish you had seen it”
Practice 2: Change the following sentences into Indirect Reported Speech or direct one
1. The doctor told him that he worked too hard.
 “You.. ......... 
2. “I’m sorry I broke the glass”, said Peter.
 Peter apologized. 
3. She asked John how he liked her new dress.
 “How ... 
4. “Why don’t you put your luggage under the seat?”, he asked.
 He suggested .. 
5. “Keep away from this area”, said the security guard when we approached the fence.
 The security guard told 
6. “I don’t want to be criticized by non-professionals”, said the film star.
 The film star objected .. 
7. “If I were you, I’d look for another job”, said one of my friends.
 One of my friends 
8. She wanted to know if he had studied French.
 She asked him, “ 	
9. “Why don’t you ask her yourself?”, I said to my brother.
 I .. .... 
10. “You should take science appreciation courses at school”, she said.
 She .. .... 
11. “If I were you, I would take more exercise”, said his doctor.
 His doctor .... .. 
12. “It’s true that I broke your old vase”, she said in tears.
 She admitted.... 
13. “Don’t move or I’ll shoot”, said the bank robber to the clerk.
 The bank robber threatened. 
14. “Don’t forget to phone the police”, she told him.
 She reminded... .. 
15. “I must see the manager”, she cried.
 She insisted..... 
WATER
There’s much more water than land on the (31) ___ of the earth. The seas and oceans cover nearly (32) ___ of the whole world, and only one-fifth of (33) ___ land. If you traveled over the earth in different directions, you would have to spend (34) ___ more of your time (35) ___ on water that on roads or railways. We sometimes forget that for every mile of land (36) ___ four miles of water.
There’s so much water in the surface of our earth that we (37) ___ to use two words to describe. We use the word SEAS (38) ___ those parts of water surface which (39) ___ only few hundreds of mile, the word OCEANS to describe the huge area of water (40) ___ are thousands of miles wide and very deep.
1. A. cover	B. surface	C. outer	D. outside
2. A. four-fives	B. four-fifth	C. four fifths	D. fourth-fifths
3. A. it is	B. it’s	C. its	D. them are
4. A. many	B. much	C. few	D. too
5. A. to move	B. move	C. moved	D. moving
6. A. there are	B. there is	C. there has	D. have
7. A. must	B. should	C. have	D. would
8. A. describing	B. describes	C. describe	D. to describe
9. A. is	B. are	C. has	D. will be
10. A. that’s	B. which	C. where	D. whose
ISAAC NEWTON
Isaac Newton, one of the __(1)__ scientists, was born __(2)__ December 25th, 1642 in a small village __(3)__ Wool Thorpe in England. His father was a poor __(4)__. When the boy was fourteen, his father died. Newton __(5)__ school and helped his mother on the farm. __(6)__ he was fun __(7)__ physics and mathematics, Newton was sent to school. __(8)__ he left high school, Newton studied at Cambridge University. In 1667 he became __(9)__ professor on mathematics at the university. His greatest discovery is the __(10)__ of gravitation. He died in 1727.
A. great	B. greatest	C. most great	D. greater
A. in	B. on	C. at	D. a and b
A. in	B. at	C. on	D. of
A. farmer	B. apprentice	C. bookbinder	D. blacksmith
A. went	B. sent	C. left	D. run
A. So	B. So that	C. Because	D. Because of
A. in	B. of	C. at	D. about
A. For	B. While	C. Before	D. After
A. an	B. one	C. a	D. the
A. law	B. invention	C. foundation	D. operation

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